The criminal law is a body of rules which defines several acts prohibited by the State since they harm and undermine public security, known as “offences” and provides punishment for committing such offences. These acts are regarded as offences against society as a whole rather than only an individual.
“Criminal law differs from civil legislation; since the civil law highlights more on dispute settlement than punishment.”
Civil law is appropriate for wrongs against a person rather than contrary to the state or society. The standard that has to be fulfilled in criminal proceedings is “beyond a reasonable doubt”, unlike civil proceedings which derive from”preponderance of chance.”
Back in India, Criminal law is essentially dealt with, the Indian Penal Code, 1860; Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973; as well as the Indian Evidence Act, 1872. The Indian Penal Code, 1860, defines several types of offences and offers punishments for them. Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973, on the other hand, provides the process whereby the criminal legislation is essential to be enforced along with the overall process of the investigation of this offense. The Indian Evidence Act, 1872 lays down rules concerning the admissibility of various sorts of proof in the court .